by Reinhard Lipowsky
This book is volume 30 in the series, Advances in Biomembranes and Lipid Self-Assembly, consisting of molecular bilayers with many lipid and protein components. The fluidity of these bilayers allows them to respond to different environmental cues by changing their local molecular composition as well as their shape and topology. On the nanometer scale, this multi-responsive behavior can be studied by molecular dynamics simulations, which provide both snapshots and movies of the bilayer conformations. The general conceptual framework for these simulations is provided by the theory of curvature elasticity. The latter theory also explains the behavior of giant vesicles as observed by optical microscopy on the micrometer scale.
by John R. Sabin and Jens Oddershede
Volume 80 is the latest in the series Advances in Quantum Chemistry, celebrating the life and work of Rufus Ritchie, one of the great physicists and gentlemen of the past 100 years. Sections cover Inelastic electron excitation of transition metal atoms on metal surfaces: Kondo resonances as a function of the crystal field splitting, Role of local field effects in surface plasmon characteristics, Correlated model atom in a time-dependent external field: Sign effect in the energy shift, Dipole-bound states contributions to the formation of anionic carbonitriles in the ISM: a multireference approach for C3N, and much more.
by Mukesh Kumar Yadav and Bhim Pratap Singh
This book is divided into three sections: microbial adhesion/biofilms in medical settings, microbial adhesion/biofilms in agriculture, and microbial adhesion/biofilm in the environment and industry. Chapters cover adhesion and biofilm formation by pathogenic microbes on tissue and indwelling medical devices, including sections on human infections, microbial communication during biofilm mode of growth, host defense and antimicrobial resistance, and more. Other sections cover the biofilms of agriculturally important and environmentally friendly microbes, including biofilm formation on plants, soil, and aquatic environments.
by Gianfranco Pasut and Samuel Zalipsky
This book offers researchers a unique reference and guide to this fascinating area. Sections cover the challenges surrounding the homogeneity of conjugates, their purity and polymer toxicity on long-term use, and how to deal with the risk of immunogenicity. These discussions help researchers design new projects by taking into account the latest innovations for safe and site-selective polymer conjugation to proteins. PEG has been the gold standard and likely will play this role for many years, but alternatives are coming into the market, some of which have already been launched.
by Raju Khan and Shaswat Barua
This book helps researchers understand the promising aspects of two-dimensional nanomaterials. Sections cover the biomedical applications of such nanostructures in terms of their precursors, structures, morphology, and size. Furthermore, detailed synthetic methodologies guide the reader towards the efficient generation of two-dimensional nanostructures. The book encompasses the vital aspects of two-dimensional nanomaterials in the context of their utility in biomedical technology, thus presenting a thorough guide for researchers in this area.
by Olga Sacco and Vincenzo Vaiano
This book addresses the potential role of visible, active photocatalytic processes for the removal of emerging contaminants. The book discusses the classification, sources, and potential risks of emerging pollutants in water as well as the different synthesis methods of visible active structured photocatalysts with relation to their applications in photocatalytic processes for the removal of organic and inorganic emerging contaminants. Finally, the possible reaction pathways occurring during the visible or solar photocatalytic processes together with toxicity assessment are discussed.
by Jose Antonio Olivares, Daniel Puyol, Juan Antonio Melero and Javier Dufour
This book reviews wastewater treatment processes and the use of residues. The viability of end-use processes for residues, such as incineration, cement additives, agricultural fertilizers, and methane production, are reviewed and analyzed, as are new processes for the use of residues within a fuel production system, such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, and syngas. Specialized chapters discuss fractionation of biomass, the production of compounds from volatile fatty acids that conceptually proceed from the anaerobic acidogenesis of residues, and a final analysis of the overall productivity and viability that can be expected from these production schemes.